On a broader scale and definition, landscaping is referred to involvement in any activity, which can modify the visible attributes of a piece of land. In landscaping ideas, there are included living elements like flora and fauna. Commonly, it is known as gardening. In the process, it includes the art and craft of cultivating plants with objective in mind to develop a beautiful environment within the landscape. More landscaping involves the features and element like landforms, terrain shape, landmass elevation and bodies of water. It also involves the human elements like structures, building, fences and other material as used by humans. Landscaping is attributes as science as well as art and involves the good observation and design skills. To become a good landscaper one should have better idea of elements of nature and constriction. Today the most popular landscaping themes are weaved around pond, fountain and water bodies.

•    Aquascaping, the art of arranging the aquatic plants: Aquascaping is one of the landscaping ideas that involves the craft of arranging and keeping aquatic plants like rocks, stones, cavework and driftwood in the artistic within an aquarium so that it can rise the feeling of aesthetic pleasure in a onlooker. In brief, it can also be described as gardening under the water. In Aquascape designs, there variety of designs and ideas are used and therefore are employed to get the desired result. In an aquascape fish along with the company of plants are kept. However, there form of aquascape including only plants or only rockwork is also in vogue. Though the primary objective of acquascaping is to develop an artful underwater landscape yet the technical thoughts of under water plant growth are also worked upon this type of landscaping. The primary factors of consideration are as filtration, managing carbon dioxide, photosynthesis under water, etc.

•    Ecoscaping, the environmental friendly landscaping: Ecoscaping is an environmental friendly means to mix up the areas of landscape architecture with spatial planning to come up with a nature friendly design or construction. The landscaping ideas in ecoscaping are based upon the fact and considering every piece of land to be unique in itself and providing an innovative means and components to make it an environmental friendly and sustainable landscape. It also tries to establish an ecological balance and greenery. It adopts holistic approach to sustainable land use management. The very essence of ecoscaping lies in nature conservation and ecological balance. There many means are adopted to make it a more nature friendly. In the process, various natural products are being used instead of artificial decoration. Their focus remains on adding as much as of trees by minimizing the use of pesticides and artificial fertilizers.  Rain water harvesting and self containing water reservoir for water balance are it’s another important feature.

•    Horticulture, the art of seeding plants: Horticulture that in entirety is the science of plant cultivation, there involves the process of making soil ready for sowing of the seeds, further it includes the processing of tubers or cutting and pruning of plants. In order to implement landscaping ideas, horticulturists work and do research on areas of plant cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry. Their primary work includes growing and taking care of plants. They continuously work upon the regular crop yield, quality, nutritional value and resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses. More a horticulturist works in a manner to get best of public spaces to achieve the environmental, socio-behavioral and aesthetic outcomes. He also plays an important role in the restoration of environment, parks and recreational planning and resource management. Horticulture on a broader scale include about eight different areas of studies including Arboriculture, Floriculture, Landscape horticulture, Olericulture, Pomology, Viticulture,  Oenology and Postharvest physiology.

•    Landscape architecture to design out door spaces: Landscape architecture is referred as to area where landscaping ideas are developed and promoted in such a manner that they become much feasible in manner of environmental, socio-behavioral and aesthetic outcomes for outer spaces and places. At procedural model, it includes as systematic study of related social, ecological and geological conditions and different processes in the landscape to bring out the desired result and outcome. The different areas in the profession their included steps like urban design, site planning, town or urban planning, environmental restoration, parks and recreation planning, visual resource management, green infrastructure and other closely related and combined areas of preferences. A professional as delved into the art and area of landscape architecture is known as the landscape architect. It deals with a variety of planning activities like planning, form, scale and sitings of new developments and areas. More it includes aspects like civil design and public infrastructure.

•    Landscape contracting a licensed career: Landscape contractors on a broader scale give landscaping ideas a practical platform to work upon consisting thoughts and ideas like construction a big garden including large and huge equipments. By the definition of landscape contracting, it is a profession that includes the art and technology of landscape as part of garden project planning. It includes the important factors as construction and landscape management, maintenance and gardening, the garden aesthetics and overall in that human enjoyment and safety. As a professional landscape contractor works in company and collaboration with landscape designers, landscape architects, and general contractors, artisans, specialty contractor, etc. More he also should have knowledge of landscape architecture that is the designing of outdoor and public spaces to get the better environmental friendly aesthetic results. The systemic procedure of landscape contracting begins with the various social, ecological and geological conditions and then after bringing out the expected results from there.

•    Landscape design an independent career: In order to fulfill all the landscaping ideas that keep on clamor in an individual’s brain, he can go to the field of landscape design to realize all of his dreams and ideas related to art and craft of landscape design. Landscape design is an independent profession and design and art cult. Under it a designer learns how to mix up nature with culture. In contemporary scenario a landscape designer mixes up the nature and culture very effectively. Landscape design concentrates over on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants restored and managed within it. They also work in company and collaboration with related fields like architecture and geography, soils and civil engineering. Somewhere landscape designing leads one closer to gardening, personally as well as professionally. More, they can include it as with their design practice as an essential part of their profile and career activities. 

•    Landscape Ecology: Landscape ecology is the learning and improving relationships as lying between the urban infrastructure development and ecological balance in the specific ecosystems. In the processes and means of landscape ecology various landscaping ideas are  employed and tested in learning and making an improvement in establishing relationship between urban development and ecological processes in the environment and particular ecosystems. This is there is organized in with respect and reference to various landscape scales, development spatial patterns and organizational levels and research policy. Landscape ecology being higher interconnected science branch it integrates the biophysical and analytical approaches while their catering to natural and social sciences. From the prospect of evolution, landscape ecology was emerged from Europe as result of studies in historical planning and human dominated landscapes.  While undertaking various concepts and ideas by reaching 1980, landscape ecology developed as an independent discipline of study and practice. Scale is an important concept in landscape ecology where landmasses are measured through and in scales.

•    Naturescaping, the means to protect our environment: Naturescaping is referred to that method where landscaping ideas are formed in a manner so that people and nature can co-exist in each other’s company. One such example of Naturescaping is growing certain plants in the yard so they can attract as much as possible, the beneficial insects, birds, and other creatures. Thus in this manner naturescaping helps rivers and streams to remain healthy and flourishing.  The intensive rate of urbanization during the last decades has led to the degrade of natural habitat useful for animals and plants. However, homeowners, with yards and gardens possess a unique ability to sustain this loss by creating and developing the backyard as a sort of wildlife sanctuary. Water and energy use in residential landscaping is estimated to be of considerable percentage of total water and energy use in a country. This way naturescaping in homes can help in protection of environment in considerable manner.

•    Nature style, the Japanese Aquascaping: The nature or Japanese style of Aquascaping that came into existence in 1990 by the Takashi Amano. The nature style employ landscaping ideas as in the form of aquarium gardening. He is termed as the father of aquarium management.  Amano’s nature   compositions has inspiration from Japanese gardening techniques that try to shorten  natural landscapes by the asymmetrical arrangement of masses of a few species of plants, and minutely selected one stones or driftwood. The primary goal of the Japanese landscape is to bring landscape in a miniature form instead of a colorful garden. This style catches the inspirational ideas from the Japanese aesthetic concepts of Wabi-sabi that concentrates upon on transience and minimalism as birthplace of beauty, and Iwagumi.  In the Iwagumi system, the Oyaishi or main stone is kept bit away from the center place in the tank, and Soeishi, or accompanying stones, are grouped close to it. There further on vegetation is arranged to grow up.