Currently, the Indian Telegraph Act, the Indian Information Technology (IT) Act 2008 provides the government authority to monitor, intercept and even block online conversations and websites. The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) has recently displayed a list about of 11 such websites which has been blocked by a government order. For social media sites, it is their popularity and influence is considered as threat, in case, used by cyber criminals and terrorists. Social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Orkut and Google+ are immensely popular in India. Facebook has estimated 31 million users and Orkut around 18 million users, while Google+ is estimated to have about 20 million users in India. India is been placed in the list of top 10 countries in terms of Twitter users, accounting to about 6.5 per cent of traffic of twitter. Campaigns, like of Anna Hazare have successfully employed social networking platform to assemble people against corruption in India. Yet, there is a wider problems relates to these problems as the servers of these social media sites are located outside India and mostly in USA, thus it is interesting to watch that how Indian government would force any sort of impact upon Social Media Sites operating in India.
Reach and threat posed by social media sites, in proliferating a message, has even compelled Indian government to track conversations on premier social media sites like Twitter and Facebook. The Indian Government has counseled its ‘Department of Telecom’ to pursue an effective monitoring of Twitter and Facebook. Though, it seems that, Indian government has been quite observant and attentive to the function of social media in developing London riots. The core focus, while tracking the social media sites would be on “encrypted data”.